The Mediterranean diet is a traditional eating pattern of the Mediterranean countries, which is characterized by a high consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds and olive oil.
It also includes a moderate consumption of fish, poultry, dairy products and wine in moderation. The Mediterranean diet has been linked to numerous health benefits, including:
- Heart disease prevention: The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, due to its high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants, and fiber.
- Weight control: The Mediterranean diet has been associated with greater control of body weight, due to its low content of saturated fat and high content of vegetables, fruits and whole grains.
- Improved cognitive performance: The Mediterranean diet has been linked to improved cognitive performance and a lower risk of Alzheimer's disease.
- Prevention of certain types of cancer: The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a lower risk of certain types of cancer, such as breast and colon cancer.
- Improved metabolic health: The Mediterranean diet has been linked to improved metabolic health, including better diabetes control and a lower risk of metabolic syndrome.
However, it is important to mention that to obtain the benefits of the Mediterranean diet it is important to follow a balanced and varied eating pattern and avoid excessive consumption of processed foods and red meat. In addition, it is advisable to accompany the diet with regular physical activity.